April 28, 2023
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April 28, 2023
Today, we focus on the operational and strategic business risks created by a contingent workforce – and why you should think urgently about finding ways to mitigate those risks.
But first, a little background.
In the past, only a handful of industries commonly included agency workers and contractors as key elements of their workforce. For example, construction, healthcare, offshore, and security services spring to mind. Over time, the use of contingent workforce has grown significantly in almost every sector, as companies seek to scale as flexibly as possible in response to rapid market changes.
In the EU, contingent workers make up around 43% of the workforce, often to complete projects requiring specific expertise or to manage seasonal variations. Run forward to 2022, and a survey from MBO Partners showed that nearly one in three workers at large enterprises are already contingent, and 82% of organizations report that skilled contingent workers make up half or more of their contingent labour force.
Managing a large contingent workforce presents significant operational demands: search, selection, onboarding, offboarding, payroll, and more. The management responsibility for the contingent workers will fall either on Human Resources (HR) or on Procurement.
The HR team’s processes are generally not well-suited for large numbers of contingent staff, even though they may need to be security- and credentials-checked, onboarded and more. In fact, individual workers hired as part of an agency contract may never appear on the personnel horizon, as the contract is handled as an indirect procurement item.
Similarly, teams in Procurement are focused on the contract level, negotiating hourly, daily, or weekly rates with service providers. Procurement systems are not intended to curate individual contractors’ qualifications and employment histories, even though they may be personally handling the company’s projects.
For example, the offshore oil industry relies on specialists, often flown in at short notice to deal with specific challenges for a short period. In most cases, the essential issue is finding suitably qualified, trained, skilled individuals, and the cost is almost irrelevant.
In this case, managing compliance risk springs to the fore. How does the rig operator know that each individual possesses the correct credentials for the task at hand? Should the company rely on the service provider’s record-keeping, or will records be retained on the company’s HR system?
Beyond the operational risk that an untrained or unqualified contractor will spill millions of barrels of oil, the company now faces additional systemic risk.
Entering contingent worker’s details into an HR system can all too easily look like the start of employment. The onboarding process – issuing a security pass, IT systems login etc – is very similar to becoming an employee, complete with insurance, holidays, maternity, and employment rights. Tax and legal authorities often take the view that contingent workers are employees until proven otherwise – just ask Deliveroo, Google or Uber.
Companies with a third or even half of the workforce currently assumed to be contingent could therefore be running a very large employment risk. Managing all staff on the same platform could easily create the impression that everyone is an employee, with varying contract conditions. Further, the EU’s Platform Workers’ Directive may change the presumed employment status of millions of workers when adopted.
At the systemic level, employment status generates a compliance risk. If contingent workers are considered to be employees, then responsibility for compliance with industry regulation falls on the employer, not the agency supplying the staff.
For example, the heavily regulated banking industry relies on vast armies of IT contractors, supplied by service providers on multi-year deals. The IT partnerships between banks and providers are often hailed as indistinguishably close, blurring the lines between bank employees and contractors.
You can see where this is going… If the bank suffers a GDPR breach caused by a contractor, then where does responsibility lie? Who in the bank authorised the contractor to access personal data, and how is that authority managed? If the lines are blurred between employee and contractor, then the compliance risk may rest with the bank.
In a highly regulated world, systemic compliance risk can occur by default. The consequences, in financial penalties and reputational damage, can be significant.
Before your organisation sleepwalks into risk, consider the benefits of Beeline, a purpose-designed contingent workforce management solution. Beeline provides clear delineation between employees and contingent workers, and helps to mitigate both operational and compliance risks.
Speak to our experts to learn how we can help you achieve greater compliance and reduce risk exposure.
Or read this e-book to learn how we can give your business the visibility and control you need to manage your non-employee workforce simply, easily and effectively.